8 средств от бронхита

Контент:

Средства от бронхита, такие как противовоспалительные средства, бронхолитики или средства от кашля, помогают уменьшить симптомы бронхита, такие как кашель, одышка или затрудненное дыхание или свистящее дыхание. Это связано с тем, что эти средства работают, уменьшая воспаление бронхов, способствуя выведению мокроты или помогая открывать бронхи и облегчая дыхание.

Бронхит — это воспаление основных дыхательных путей в легких, бронхов, которые отвечают за перенос кислорода в легкие и из них, вызывая их раздражение и воспаление и вызывая такие симптомы, как сухой кашель или мокрота, хрипы или нехватка воздуха. . Знайте, как определить симптомы бронхита.  

В большинстве случаев бронхит лечат дома, с отдыхом и обильным питьем, без необходимости медикаментозного лечения. Однако, если бронхит не проходит с помощью этих мер, или если это случай хронического бронхита, симптомы которого могут длиться более 3 месяцев, может потребоваться лечение лекарствами, которые всегда должен назначать врач.

Наиболее часто используемые средства для лечения бронхита:

1. Анальгетики

Обезболивающие, такие как парацетамол или анальгин, например, используются для облегчения симптомов лихорадки, общего недомогания или болей в теле.

Эти препараты можно использовать при остром или хроническом бронхите, всегда по рекомендации врача. 

2. Противовоспалительные средства

Противовоспалительные средства, такие как ибупрофен, показаны для уменьшения воспаления бронхов и облегчения симптомов головной боли или боли в теле, вызванных острым бронхитом.

It is important to point out that people who suffer from asthma should not take ibuprofen or any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, naproxen, nimesulide, for example, as they can worsen asthma symptoms. 

3. Mucolytics

Mucolytics, such as acetylcysteine ​​or bromhexine, may be indicated by the doctor to help relieve cough, as they act by making the phlegm more liquid, facilitating its elimination.

These drugs can be used in cases of acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis, but they should be used with caution in children under 6 years of age, and only under medical supervision.

Also, it is recommended to drink plenty of water to make the medicine more effective and to dilute and eliminate mucus more easily.

4. Expectorants

Expectorants, such as guaifenesin or ambroxol, help thin the phlegm, which makes it easier to pass. In addition, they can also have antitussive action, that is, they help relieve coughing.

These medications may be prescribed by your doctor for the treatment of bronchitis, especially chronic bronchitis. 

5. Antitussives

Antitussives, such as dextromethorphan or clobutinol, help to reduce dry cough by acting directly on the brain in the region that controls the cough reflex, relieving this symptom.

Another antitussive that may be recommended by the doctor is codeine, which is an opioid drug, which also acts on the brain to reduce coughing.

These drugs should always be prescribed by the doctor and can be used for acute or chronic bronchitis with dry cough, without phlegm, and are not indicated when there is a suspicion of respiratory bacterial infection.

6. Antibiotics

Antibiotics such as amoxicillin or erythromycin, for example, are indicated for chronic bronchitis, when there is a risk of bacterial infection and the person developing pneumonia, which can happen if it is a premature baby, an elderly person, people with a history of heart, lung, kidney or liver, with a weakened immune system or people with cystic fibrosis.

For acute bronchitis, antibiotic treatment is not recommended, as this type of bronchitis is usually caused by a virus, and antibiotics have no action against viruses. However, in some cases it may be recommended, especially for people with malnutrition, severe anemia, heart disease, or for the elderly. 

In addition, in cases of acute bronchitis, antibiotics may be prescribed by the doctor if the person has symptoms such as fever above 38.5ºC, shortness of breath and pus-filled phlegm.

7. Bronchodilators

Bronchodilators, such as salbutamol, formoterol or ipratropium bromide, help to open the bronchi and make breathing easier and may be prescribed by the doctor for cases of chronic bronchitis, as an ongoing treatment or during bronchitis attacks and, in some cases, may be used for acute bronchitis, especially when the person has wheezing when breathing or airway obstruction, for example.

These medicines are used, in most cases, through firecrackers and act by relaxing the muscle of the walls of the small airways, opening these pathways and allowing relief from chest tightness and coughing, making breathing easier.

In addition, bronchodilators can also be used by nebulization, especially in the elderly or people with a decreased respiratory capacity.

8. Corticosteroids

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroids to be taken by mouth, such as prednisone, or inhaled inhalers, such as fluticasone or budesonide, for example, to reduce inflammation and irritation in the lungs.

Corticosteroid inhalers often also have an associated bronchodilator, such as salmeterol or formoterol, for example, which are long-acting bronchodilators and are usually used in continued treatment.

home remedies options

Home remedies for bronchitis, such as ginger tea or eucalyptus tea, have substances with anti-inflammatory or expectorant action, which help to relieve inflammation in the bronchi or increase the elimination of phlegm, being good options for home remedies to help with the treatment. indicated by the doctor. See other options for home remedies for bronchitis and how to prepare .